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Ibrahim Kûrânî (d.1101/1690) is a sufi who lived in the 17th century during the times of Ottoman Empire. In year 1025/1615, he was born in Kûrân region which is located in North Iraq. He died in Medîne in 1690. While his first part of the education is done among his family and surroundings, he visited several cities to complete his education, namely in order Bagdat, Damascus, Egypt and Arabia, where he was taught by the best scolars of his time. Most and efficient part of his life was spent in Medîne where his works, all in arabic, totaling almost 80 was written. In Medîne he both received education and trough Sheik Safiyuddin el-Kusasi, studied sufism. He became an authority in Zeyni, Settari and mainly Naksibendi religous orders. Ibrahim Kûrânî, with his high knowledge, taught many students from several nationalities. Though he was a Kurd, he was fluent in Arabic, Persian and Turkish, however all of his works was in Arabic. Ibrahim Kûrânî’s knowledge is not limited to sufism. He also taught himself and also published works on Hadis, theology, philosophy and logic. In the second main section, the meaning that Ibrahim Kûrânî gave to sufism is explained. Rather than presenting an original point of view, he worked towards obtaining a better understanding of the “Vahdet-i vucûd” idea of İbn Arabi, whom Ibrahim Kûrânî followed. He fought especially against the wrong interpretation of the said idea contrary to Hadis and Kuran in Indonesia islands. Among the mnetioned, Kûrânî has other attributes. For example, he was a supporter of both Ibn Arabi and Ibn Teymiyye who are completely on the contrary. He shaped his past on Ibn Arabi’s views but he sent his students to Ibn Teymiyye, who is a selefi. Though Kûrânî was respected by many, he was also fiercely criticized due to some of his ideas. Especially scholars in Morocco, due to his belief in garanik incident, faith of pharaoh, effectiveness of man in his actions, accused him of deviating from the Ehli Sünnet belief. His son Ebu Tahir, an expert on hadis like his father, contributed to the upbringing of Sheikh Veliyyullah Dihlevi who was a reformist and reconciliator for India. Western scholars praise Ibrahim Kûrânî for his contributions to the said scholars.


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