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Hızlı Erişim

Vahit GÖKTAŞ, Kelâbâzî (ö. 380/990) ve Tasavvuf Anlayışı
(Göktaş, Vahit, Kelâbâzî (d. 380/990) and His Understanding of Tasawwuf )

Yazar :   Hazirlayan  Dr. Ali TENİK
Türü : Hazırlama
Baskı Yılı : 2007
Sayı : 19
Sayfa : 453-459


Anahtar Kelimeler

Kelâbâzî is one of the prominent names of the classical era of Tasawwuf, and is also among the founders of the system of Tasawwuf. Kelâbâzî is a thinker, Islamic philosopher, scholar of hadeeth, and a Sufi lived in Bukhara region, which hosted a vast of scientific activities in IV. century after hijrah, which is a period of decomposition in which the Islamic thought started to develop through various channels. Kelâbâzî is one of the important persons of this age of tasawwuf, which ceased to further be a movement of ascetism, taking the path of systemization. He is also among the first founders of the concepts of Tasawwuf. Kelâbâzî was part of the efforts towards finding references for Tasawwuf in Sunnite principles, which was a process that commenced in H.II. century and continued through IV. century. Kelâbâzî, in his works, tried to establish that Tasawwuf is fed by Islam and based on Islamic nusûs. Two works of Kelâbâzî could survive up to date. These are Ta’arruf and Bahru’l-fevâiddir. Kelâbâzî explained the opinions of Sufis about Islamic creed (‘aqaid) and the terminology of Tasawwuf. He studied the terminology under the light of religious principles to the most possible extent, and did not mention any other meanings. In his other work, Bahru’l-fevâidde, he commentated on 203 hadeeth in terms of Sufi ethics. Kelâbâzî considered the reconstruction of human beings as a solution for the conflict in social life, as other Sufis of first era did. Thus he emphasized the importance of raising self-realized, spiritual-ly mature people. Sufi terminology constitutes the milestones in the process of human perfection. In the period of tasawwuf that started from IV/X. centuries, the initial concepts of tasawwuf were started to be used together with Kelâbâzî in terms of training, knowledge and ma’rifa, and stations (hal and makam).


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